Dr. John Tranquada
Brookhaven National Laboratory
|TITLE:||"Superconductivity and Stripes in La2-xBaxCuO4)"|
|DATE:||Thursday, March 15, 2012|
|PLACE:||Building 212 / A-157|
Refreshments will be served at 10:45 a.m.
ABSTRACT: In hole-doped cuprates, superconductivity occurs where antiferromagnetic ordering and charge carrier mobility are mutually frustrated. A contentious question has been: what sorts of correlations emerge to reduce the frustration and how do they relate to the superconductivity? In the system La2-xBaxCuO4, we observe the formation of charge and spin stripes that order when a structural transition leads to suitable anisotropy of the CuO2 planes . At x=1/8, where stripe ordering is strongest, bulk superconductivity is suppressed; nevertheless, evidence for 2D superconductivity is observed . This is an intriguing situation, as the coexistence of locally antiferromagnetic order with superconductivity appears to require an intertwining of the order parameters . At x=0.095, we observe robust superconductivity below 32 K ; however, the spin fluctuations are essentially gapless, with no obvious magnetic resonance below Tc. This may require a spatial modulation of the pair wave function. These experiments provide valuable insights into the intimate relationships among spins, charges, and pairing in the cuprates.
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